Patient Education

The ALA is pleased to provide educational content about voice and speech disorders.

The ALA is in the process of updating topics and providing educational materials:

Educational Materials for Patients

Background Information:

  1. Anatomy and Physiology of Voice Production
  2. Anatomy and Physiology of Swallowing
  3. Voice Team – the Laryngologist
  4. Voice Team – the Speech Language Pathologist

Laryngeal Disorders:

  1. Infectious Laryngitis
  2. Laryngeal Cancer
  3. Vocal Fold Leukoplakia and Dysplasia
  4. Reflux Laryngitis
  5. Reinke’s Edema
  6. Laryngeal Papillomatosis
  7. Spasmodic Dysphonia
  8. Vocal Fold Granuloma
  9. Vocal Fold Paresis and Paralysis
  10. Vocal Fold Scar
  11. Vocal Fold Nodules, Polyps, Cysts
  12. Voice Dysfunction in Neurological Disorders
  13. Pediatric Voice Disorders
  14. Presbylaryngis (Aging Voice)
  15. Cricopharyngeal dysfunction
  16. Zenker’s Diverticulum
  17. Esophageal stricture
  18. Laryngotracheal stenosis


  1. Laryngoscopy
  2. Videostroboscopy
  3. Office Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing
  4. Videofluoroscopic swallow study
  5. Laryngeal Electromyography
  6. Laryngeal botulinum toxin (BOTOX) injections
  7. Office injection augmentation
  8. Office laser treatment
  9. Phonomicrosurgery
  10. Surgery for Upper Esophageal Sphincter – dilation, Botox, and myotomy
  11. Zenker’s diverticulotomy – endoscopic surgery
  12. Zenker’s diverticulectomy – transcervical/open surgery
  13. Surgery for unilateral vocal fold paralysis
  14. Surgery for bilateral vocal fold paralysis
  15. Male-to-female transgender voice surgery
  16. Laryngotracheal stenosis – endoscopic surgery
  17. Laryngotracheal stenosis – open treatment
  18. PH Testing/Manometry
  19. Tracheoesophageal puncture and voice after laryngectomy

Other Sources for Information:

Review Health Information on Voice, Speech, and Language topics from the NIDCD by clicking here.