Patient Education


The ALA is pleased to provide educational content about voice and speech disorders.

The ALA is in the process of updating topics and providing educational materials:

Educational Materials for Patients

Voice, Swallowing, and Your Care Team

  1. Anatomy and Physiology of Voice Production
  2. Anatomy and Physiology of Swallowing
  3. Voice Team – the Laryngologist
  4. Voice Team – the Speech Language Pathologist

Common Laryngeal Disorders

  1. Infectious Laryngitis
  2. Laryngeal Cancer
  3. Vocal Fold Leukoplakia and Dysplasia
  4. Reflux Laryngitis
  5. Reinke’s Edema
  6. Laryngeal Papillomatosis
  7. Spasmodic Dysphonia
  8. Vocal Fold Granuloma
  9. Vocal Fold Paresis and Paralysis
  10. Vocal Fold Scar
  11. Vocal Fold Nodules, Polyps, Cysts
  12. Voice Dysfunction in Neurological Disorders
  13. Pediatric Voice Disorders
  14. Presbylaryngis (Aging Voice)
  15. Cricopharyngeal dysfunction
  16. Zenker’s Diverticulum
  17. Esophageal strictures and webs
  18. Laryngotracheal stenosis

Laryngeal Procedures

  1. Laryngoscopy
  2. Videostroboscopy
  3. Office endoscopic evaluation of swallowing
  4. Trans-nasal esophagoscopy
  5. Videofluoroscopic swallow study
  6. Laryngeal electromyography
  7. Laryngeal botulinum toxin (BOTOX) injections
  8. Office injection augmentation/medialization
  9. Office laser treatment
  10. Phonomicrosurgery
  11. Surgery for upper esophageal sphincter – dilation, Botox, and myotomy
  12. Zenker’s diverticulotomy – endoscopic surgery
  13. Zenker’s diverticulectomy – transcervical/open surgery
  14. Surgery for unilateral vocal fold paralysis
  15. Surgery for bilateral vocal fold paralysis
  16. Male-to-female transgender voice surgery
  17. Laryngotracheal stenosis – endoscopic surgery
  18. Laryngotracheal stenosis – open treatment
  19. Esophageal pH Testing and Manometry
  20. Tracheoesophageal puncture and voice after laryngectomy
  21. Tracheostomy
  22. Laryngeal Reinnervation

Other Sources for Information for Patients:

Review Health Information on Voice, Speech, and Language topics from the NIDCD by clicking here.